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Theses

Aide multicritère à l'évaluation de l'impact des transports sur l'environnement

Abstract : This PhD thesis is driven by Inrets and Lamsade. It leads to contributing to the conception of a computer science tool for the public in charge who would wish to use a model in order to manage environmental problems due to transports in a sustainable way, and in the context of participative democracy. We thus propose a "multicriteria evaluation aiding of environmental impact of transports" which consists of structuring a set of objectives as a hierarchy, then to apprehend their achievement using criteria, with the goals of: establishing a diagnosis, giving alarm or carrying out a trend analysis and not systematically considering a decision problem. That naturally leads us to compare traditional "decision aiding" with "evaluation aiding". Taking into account the complexity of the problem and to face the conflict between the simplicity and the transparency of an evaluation's result, we propose, at all the levels of the hierarchy of objectives, a multicriteria aggregation which is strongly inspired by the Electre Tri method and the Atmo index. We illustrate that by a modelisation of the problem, functional specifications and a prototype.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 6, 2010 - 2:55:02 PM
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B. Rousval. Aide multicritère à l'évaluation de l'impact des transports sur l'environnement. Modélisation et simulation. Université Paris Dauphine - Paris IX, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00543658⟩

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