Abstract : To provide personalized services to users in pervasive environments, we should consider both user's privacy, trust and security requirements. Traditional authentication and access control mechanisms are not able to adapt their security policies to a changing context while insuring privacy and trust issues. This thesis introduces a new global vision for the protection of pervasive environments, based on context-aware principle. The aim of this thesis is to get a flexible and scalable framework including user authentication, user privacy preserving and trust management in order to optimize the access control strategy to personalized services. The first contribution include the proposal of a mutual authentication protocol supported by both robust key establishment schemes based on elliptic curves (MaptoPoint/Curve algorithm, Weil Pairing) and a dynamic model based on attributes issued from contextual data. The second contribution include the design of a new architecture built on an attribute based model and organized over 3 layers: the privacy control layer which insure the protection of the user private life by controlling their personal data, the access layer which associate authentication and access control processes while providing mechanisms dedicated to trust parameters management , and finally the service layer for service access management according to the user profile and his environment. The third contribution the implementation and the deployment of a prototype within the service delivery platform in Handicom lab of Telecom & Management SudParis.