Données multimodales pour l'analyse d'image

Matthieu Guillaumin 1
1 LEAR - Learning and recognition in vision
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble
Abstract : This dissertation delves into the use of textual metadata for image understanding. We seek to exploit this additional textual information as weak supervision to improve the learning of recognition models. There is a recent and growing interest for methods that exploit such data because they can potentially alleviate the need for manual annotation, which is a costly and time-consuming process. We focus on two types of visual data with associated textual information. First, we exploit news images that come with descriptive captions to address several face related tasks, including face verification, which is the task of deciding whether two images depict the same individual, and face naming, the problem of associating faces in a data set to their correct names. Second, we consider data consisting of images with user tags. We explore models for automatically predicting tags for new images, i.e. image auto-annotation, which can also used for keyword-based image search. We also study a multimodal semi-supervised learning scenario for image categorisation. In this setting, the tags are assumed to be present in both labelled and unlabelled training data, while they are absent from the test data. Our work builds on the observation that most of these tasks can be solved if perfectly adequate similarity measures are used. We therefore introduce novel approaches that involve metric learning, nearest neighbour models and graph-based methods to learn, from the visual and textual data, task-specific similarities. For faces, our similarities focus on the identities of the individuals while, for images, they address more general semantic visual concepts. Experimentally, our approaches achieve stateof- the-art results on several standard and challenging data sets. On both types of data, we clearly show that learning using additional textual information improves the performance of visual recognition systems.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2011 - 11:23:32 AM
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Matthieu Guillaumin. Données multimodales pour l'analyse d'image. Human-Computer Interaction [cs.HC]. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - INPG, 2010. English. ⟨tel-00541354v2⟩

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