Modélisation et aide à la décision pour l'introduction des technologies RFID dans les chaînes logistiques

Abstract : In the last few years, RFID technologies have drawn considerable interests as one of the possible solutions to overcome these supply chain problems. However, integrating these technologies in supply chains induces large costs. Thus, companies must evaluate the impacts of RFID technologies on supply chain performances and economics, in order to decide whether these technologies should be integrated or not.In this thesis we focus on modeling and analyzing the impacts of introducing RFID technologies in supply chain. We first provided a basic knowledge of RFID technologies that includes the working process, the challenges and the obstacles of applying RFID technologies in supply chains. We then reviewed the literature and discussed the challenges and benefits related to integrating RFID in supply chains. Finally, we developed analytical and simulation approaches to evaluate qualitative and quantitative impacts of RFID technologies on supply chain performances and profits. We also developed ROI (Return On Investment) analysis, to compare the benefits obtained by RFID technologies with the costs associated to the integration of these technologies. Furthermore, we focused on how the benefits of RFID technologies can be improved by re-engineering supply chains using the characteristics of RFID technologies. Results obtained in this thesis highlight interesting perspectives for future studies. The main originality of this study is to compare the impacts of integrating different RFID technologies to supply chains by just replacing current identification technologies and by re-engineering supply chains using the new possibilities provided by RFID technologies. Our simulation can also be used as a decision support tool by companies that integrate RFID technologies.
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Aysegul Sarac. Modélisation et aide à la décision pour l'introduction des technologies RFID dans les chaînes logistiques. Autre [cs.OH]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010EMSE0571⟩. ⟨tel-00541012⟩

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