Abstract : The fundamental theories and key technologies of QoS support for event detection in wireless sensor networks are studied in this dissertation. Firstly, to ensure the quality of connectivity, an explicit expression of node non-isolation probability is derived as the upper bound of one-connectivity. A tight lower bound for the minimum node density is also given for obtaining an almost surely connected network. Secondly, to meet the quality of coverage and connectivity together, a fine deployment strategy is developed. The deployment problem is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem. Heuristic methods based on tabu search and generic algorithms are proposed. Thirdly, to satisfy real-time and reliable delivery requirement, a two-hop neighborhood information based real-time routing protocol is proposed. The simulations show that the proposed routing protocol has a significant improvement in performance compared to existing solutions. Finally, decision fusion rules under fading channel are investigated to ensure high quality of information. We propose three sub-optimal alternatives to the optimal likelihood ratio rule. They have less computation cost and require less a priori information and perform well in their respective SNR ranges.