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Etude géométrique et structures différentielles généralisées sur les algèbres de Lie quasi-filiformes complexes et réelles

Abstract : The first problem which arises naturally in the study of the nilpotenttie algebras is their classification in small dimension. The classification of nilpotent complex Lie algebras was completed until dimension 7. For dimensions lower or equal to 6, there is, except isomotphisms, a finite number of nilpotent complex Lie algebras. In dimension 7, Ancochea classified the nilpotent complex Lie algebras according to their characteristic sequence and he obtains a more extensive list which contains families of non isomorphic Lie algebras.We intend then to study the nilpotent Lie algebras according to their nilindex by beginning with those which have a maximal nilindex. also called filiform Lie algebras. From 1970. Vergne started the study of the filiform Lie algebras. She showed that on a field having an infinity of elements. there are, except isomorphisme, only two naturally graded Lie algebras of even dimension 2n, named L2n, and Q2n,. and there is only one in odd dimension 2n+1, called L2n+1.More recently, Snobl and Winternitz determined the complex and real Lie algebras having the algebra L„ as nilradieal. To generalize this classification to all filiform naturally graded Lie algebra_ we have proceed in a similar wav with the algebra Q2n,. Moreover, we prove that indecomposable Lie algebras with filiform nilradieal are necessarily solvable. Thus, the filiform Lie algebra are irrelevant in the study of the non solvable Lie algebras.This result is not truc for the quasi-filiform Lie algebras. Let us recall that the nilindex of quasi-filiform Lie algebras is, by definition, lowered by a unit with regard to the filiform. Indeed, by looking for all the Lie algebras having a quasifiliform naturally graded nilradieal, we found non solvable Lie algebras having a quasi-filiform nilradical.The same counterexample also reveals differences between the notion of rigidity in R and in C. The classification of complex rigid Lie algebras having been already made until dimension 8, we are then brought to find this classification in the real case.Besides, we determined the quasi-filiform Lie algebras admitting a tonus of derivations, we obtain a list much richer than for the filiform case. This list allows us to prove that all quasi-fi liform Lie algebras are complete. Let us remind that all the filiform Lie algebras are also complete.Finally, we are interested in the existence of complex structures associated to the filiform and quasi-filiform Lie algebras Goze and Remm proved that the filiform algebras did not admit this type of structure. Since a different approach, we are going to re-demonstrate this result and we see that there are, on the other hand, quasi-filiform Lie algebras provided with a complex structure, but only in dimension 4 and 6.
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Lucie Garcia Vergnolle. Etude géométrique et structures différentielles généralisées sur les algèbres de Lie quasi-filiformes complexes et réelles. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse; Universidad complutense de Madrid, Espagne, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009MULH3048⟩. ⟨tel-00537327⟩

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