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Acoustique picoseconde dans une cellule biologique individuelle

Abstract : The picosecond ultrasonics technique is well suited to generate and to probe acoustic waves of submicromic wavelength using ultrafast light pulses (100 fs). If the technique starts to be used for non-destructive testing in industry, for micrometric solid films (microprocessor) for example, very few applications concern liquids or soft media, despite its unique potential for acoustic measurements at very high acoustic frequencies (up to ten GHz). This PhD study gives a first comprehensive overview of the applications of the picosecond ultrasonics technique for the study of a single biological cell, the thickness of which can be from around 100 nm to a few µm. Measurement accuracy is high enough for imaging a single cell and for evaluating its local physical properties. To understand the detected data, an analytical model is developed. This model is used too for the inverse model resolution. The acoustic generation is simulated solving the coupled equations of heat diffusion and of acoustic wave propagation. Optical detection is then studied solving the Maxwell equations where both thermal and acoustic phenomena perturb optical index of the media. For experiments, a biocompatible sample holder, leakproof and thermocontrolled, is built. In the same way, the optical experimental setup is adapted to allow a two color probing of the ultrafast photo-acoustic response in a single cell. Finally, a microscope combining cell fluorescence visualisation and the picosecond ultrasonic laser setup is developed. It allows to localize precisely the cell sub-components and to probe them by the picosecond ultrasonics technique. The demonstration of the technique for the single cell imaging and the evaluation of its accuracy is performed on vegetal cells. Then, a quantitative measurement of the viscoelastic properties of single osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1), adhering on a bone substitute material (Ti6Al4V), is performed. RGD peptide and BMP-2 proteins effects on the cell osteoblast viscoelastic properties are quantified. This work is performed with a tissue or bone substitute engineering research team.
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Contributor : Mathieu Ducousso <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2010 - 3:13:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:45:58 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00537030, version 1


Mathieu Ducousso. Acoustique picoseconde dans une cellule biologique individuelle. Physique [physics]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00537030⟩



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