Effets de la température et de la corrosion radiolytique sur le comportement du chlore dans le graphite nucléaire : conséquences pour le stockage des graphites irradiés des réacteurs UNGG

Abstract : This work concerns the dismantling of the UNGG reactor which have produced around 23 000 t of graphite wastes that ave to be disposed of according to the Frenche law of June 206. These wastes contain two long-lived radionuclides (^ 14C and ^36Cl) which are the main long term dose contributors. In order to get information about their inventory and their long term behaviour in case of water ingress into the repository, it is necessary to determine their location and speciation in the irradiated graphite after the reactor shutdown. This work concerns the study of ^36Cl. The main objective is to reproduce its behaviour during reactor operation. For that purpose, we have studied the effects of temperature and radiolytic corrosion indepently. Our results show a rapid release of around 20% ^36Cl during the first hours of reactor operation whereas a much slower release occurs afterwards. We have put in evidence two types of chlorine corresponding to two different chemical forms (of different thermal stabilities) or to two locations (of different accessibilities). We have also shown that the radiolytic corrosion seems to enhance chlorine release, whatever the irradiation dose. Moreover, the major chemical form of chlorine is inorganic.
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Physics [physics]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010LYO10177>


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Claire-Émilie Vaudey. Effets de la température et de la corrosion radiolytique sur le comportement du chlore dans le graphite nucléaire : conséquences pour le stockage des graphites irradiés des réacteurs UNGG. Physics [physics]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010LYO10177>. <tel-00528691v2>

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