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Normer pour mieux varier ? La différenciation comportementale par les normes, et son application au trafic dans les simulateurs de conduite

Abstract : In individual-centered simulations, the variety and consistency of agents' behaviors are important for the realism and validity of the simulation. In this work, we addressed the issue of the simultaneous influence of these two elements. We propose a behavioral differentiation model, which provides the basis for a generic and non-intrusive tool allowing an out-of-the-agent design. The model involves three dimensions. First, it describes the agents' behaviors using norms. They provide a behavioral pattern during conception, and a compliance reference during execution. Then, the generation process of the behaviors allows the creation of deviant or violating agents, by influencing the determinism of the mechanism. Finally, the norms can be inferred from previous simulations records or real data, providing an analysis tool of the results and allowing automating the model configuration. We applied the model to the traffic simulation in scaner?, the driving simulation software developed and used at Renault. The developments carried out during the thesis introduced driving styles in the traffic (e.g. cautious or aggressive drivers) specified using norms. The use of norms allows populating the environment easily and in an automated way. The behavioral realism of the traffic was improved, and the experimentations show how the model contributes to the variety and the representativeness of the produced behaviors.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00527846
Contributor : Benoit Lacroix <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 20, 2010 - 2:32:20 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:07:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, January 21, 2011 - 2:41:37 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00527846, version 1

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Benoit Lacroix. Normer pour mieux varier ? La différenciation comportementale par les normes, et son application au trafic dans les simulateurs de conduite. Informatique [cs]. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille - Lille I, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00527846⟩

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