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Appropriation du geste par les étrangers : le cas d'étudiants japonais apprenant le français

Abstract : This work aims at describing the evolution of gestural behaviour of foreigners, in the poursuit of Efron's (1972) work on immigrants. Theoretical grounds are based on historical and scientific studies about gesture from diverse viewpoints, such as the study of rhetoric, ethnography, anthopology, art history, visual semiotics, philosophy, crosscultural studies, and second language acquisition. This framework and some empirical observation on gestures produced by foreigners, give rise to « endogenesis » and « exogenesis » of gesture culture as working hypotheses. To examine them, data collected from Japanese residents in France are analysed from the longitudinal and transversal perspectives and with analysis of occurrences and context analysis of gestures, to find out evolutional principles of behaviour. The findings show that the evolution concerns typological as well as symbolic aspects of gestures and that gesture development comes from incidental learning (Birdwhistell, 1952, 1970), which is possible only in contact situation. Nevertheless, the sociopsychological factor, due to the condition of immersion in the hostcommunity and a symbolic value that every individual projects onto the society and culture, plays an important role in the gestures of foreigners. Consequently, acculturation of gesture is the fruit of both exogenic and endogenic process in individuals who place themselves vis-à-vis the society and culture. These principles of acculturation in individual behaviour are in line with evolutionary principles of gesture culture in the history of society. The study suggests additionally that gesture and language are independly learned, indicating the existance of a gesture repertoire, which is a part of a larger culture of visual communication.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00526453
Contributor : Tsuyoshi Kida <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2010 - 4:06:28 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:45:26 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 2, 2016 - 12:41:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00526453, version 1

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Tsuyoshi Kida. Appropriation du geste par les étrangers : le cas d'étudiants japonais apprenant le français. Linguistique. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00526453⟩

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