Intégration des systèmes d'informations techniques pour l'exploitation des ouvrages

Abstract : The handling and management of a construction project information through its life cycle require to impose order and structure in the data description. The latter is intended for both project actor and computer use. It is therefore expressed in an appropriate language whose neutral aspect enables the inter-operability and the sharing of computer-based information within an open software infrastructure. This approach improves the communication, relevance and effectiveness of the information flow between the actors. This building structure description is commonly called a "data model". The document is the traditional support of an engineering project description. It constitutes the conceptual and the regulation basis for any engineering process. The deep analysis of the documents produced within a project life cycle emphasises the importance and the relevance of their legal and specification aspects as indicated by the full specification document "CCTP". The CCTP is one of the essential documents issued from the detailed design stage. It distinguishes by the volume and the relevance of its content: it defines the particular conditions for the execution of the works and thus completes their description made through the technical drawings. The consultation of the contractors imposes the decomposition of the construction tasks into work packages. The main consequences of such an approach concerns the management and the coordination oí' the works realization in conjunction with the other work packages. All these details should be rigorously handled. Thus, the participants’ main worry is to be able to produce at the right moment a detailed full specification compatible with the ones previously generated and reflecting the real description of the construction project, provided by a building data model. This thesis demonstrates the feasibility of the generation of project documents via a data model supporting the physical, formal and performative description of a construction project. It consists of proposing a document logical structure, which is used to derive the Document Type Definition (DTD) of the CCTP according to thie SGML language. The DTD elements are instanciated in order to produce a marked version of the CCTP. This approach enables the generation of the contents, the references list and the hypertext links. Moreover, we propose an association model through which building data model concepts axe indexed to the documentary items of the marked CCTP. The project applied CCTP is then produced thanks to the instances of the association model in consideration of which the intentai and external coherency of the CCTP is achieved . This approach insures a high quality of the full specifications documents of a project and contributes to diminish the mistakes and errors due to the complexity of the design / construction / maintenance process. We finally propose a generalisation of this approach to any project document.
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Yacine Rezgui. Intégration des systèmes d'informations techniques pour l'exploitation des ouvrages. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 1994. Français. ⟨tel-00523175⟩

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