Contributions to the study of random walks in random environments

Abstract : Random walks in random environment have raised a great interest in the last few years, both among applied scientists, notably as a way to refine models by taking fluctuations of the surrounding environment into account, and among mathematicians, because of the variety and wealth of behaviours they display. This thesis aims at the study of miscellaneous aspects of the transience of random walks in random environment. A first part is dedicated to Dirichlet environments on Z^d and a second one to the transient subdiffusive regime on Z. Random walks in Dirichlet environment arise naturally as an equivalent model for oriented-edge reinforced reinforced random walks. Its specificities also allow for sensibly sharper results than in the general case. We thus prove a characterization of the integrability of exit times out of finite subsets of arbitrary graphs, which enables us to refine a ballisticity criterion on Z^d. We also prove that these random walks are transient with positive probability as soon as the parameters are non-symmetric. In dimension 1, the thesis focuses on the role of the deep valleys of the environment. We give a new proof of Kesten-Kozlov-Spitzer theorem in the subdiffusive regime based on a fine study of the behaviour of the walk. Together with a better understanding of the origin of the limit law, this proof also provides its explicit parameters.
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Mathematics [math]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. <NNT : 2010LYO10089>


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Laurent Tournier. Contributions to the study of random walks in random environments. Mathematics [math]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. <NNT : 2010LYO10089>. <tel-00497150v2>

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