Les représentations de la France dans l'Irlande nationaliste, de l'avènement de Parnell à la création de l'Etat Libre

Abstract : My doctoral thesis looked at the representations of France in nationalist Ireland from 1879 until 1921. My argument is centred on the concept of a "mythe français" developed in most part in the 1840s. This myth imposed the image of France as an enemy of England, and thus an ally of Ireland and of oppressed nationalities. This approach introduces a new understanding of Irish nationalist relations with France and her myth; a relationship that influenced the definition of a nationalist ideology and the set of representations that looked at France and her images, used in nationalist rhetoric through the nineteenth century, as a model as well as a source of inspiration and pride. This allowed Irish nationalists, in particular separatists, to build a positive image for their demands, one that would not solely rely on an ancestral struggle against England. I have shown that such was the case with Arthur Griffith, founder of the Sinn Féin movement and inspired by the Franco-Irish experience of Maud Gonne, a virulent Irish activist. I have also argued that the "mythe français" had a strong impact on Irish nationalist politics. I focused on Charles Stewart Parnell's and John Redmond's "French" policy during the Land War and the 1890s, on the intense rhetorical battle between parnellites and anti-parnellites after the death of Parnell, and on pro- and anti-ally debates during the First World War
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Histoire. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. 〈NNT : 2009PEST0011〉
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Pierre Ranger. Les représentations de la France dans l'Irlande nationaliste, de l'avènement de Parnell à la création de l'Etat Libre. Histoire. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. 〈NNT : 2009PEST0011〉. 〈tel-00496703〉



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