Contrats incitatifs, pratiques organisationnelles, TIC et productivité du travail

Abstract : Our work has tried to identify some elements which may have an effect on labor productivity, among which the incentive contracts, the information and communication's technologies (ICT) and the organizational practices. We took into account the presence of asymmetric information, susceptible to influence the employment relationships and the firm's choices concerning the organizational practices or the introduction of ICT. The dissertation is divided into two parts: the first one considers the optimal incentive contracts as well as the effect of various remuneration systems on labor productivity. The second part is devoted to the introduction of ICT and the organizational practices. The empirical results drawn from the first part show that the remuneration's effect on productivity depends on the adopted type of payment and on the social and occupational group of the beneficiaries. They also indicate that the length of the employment's contract and the rate of short term debts have an effect on productivity. The results obtained within the framework of the second part of the dissertation show that the employees needed some time to adapt, between 1998 and 1999, before the positive effects of the ICT and organizational practices could appear on their productivity. However given the delays of human capital's accumulation, the effect on labor productivity of various ICT and organizational practices occurred more quickly in 2004. Finally, we showed that the productivity increases more if the company chooses to undertake both changes at the same time.
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Wided Ben Salah. Contrats incitatifs, pratiques organisationnelles, TIC et productivité du travail. domain_stic.educ. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PEST3007⟩. ⟨tel-00491975⟩

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