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Mesure de la luminosité absolue et de la section efficace totale proton-proton dans l'expérience ATLAS au LHC

Abstract : The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva will soon deliver collisions with an energy never reached in a particle accelerator. An energy in the center of mass of 10 and ultimately 14 TeV will allow to go beyond the borders of the physics known so far. ATLAS, the largest detector ever built, will hunt the Higgs boson and search for new physics beyond the Standard Model. Any physical process is described by a cross section that measures its probability to occur. The events resulting from a given process are registered by ATLAS. To determine their according cross section, one has to know the luminosity. For the ATLAS experiment, a relative measurement of the luminosity can be done using the response of several sub-detectors. However to calibrate these detectors, an absolute measurement has to be performed. The ALFA detector has been designed to measure the elastic scattering spectrum that will allow to determine the absolute luminosity and the proton-proton total cross section. This provides an accurate calibration tool at a percent level. These detectors, located 240 m away from the interaction point, are called roman pots, a mechanical system that allows to approach a scintillating fiber tracker a few millimeters to the beam center. The simulation of the measurement requires to use a charged particles transport program. This program has to be carefully chosen because the determination of the protons lost during their travel from the interaction point to the detector has a major impact on the acceptance computation. The systematical uncertainties affecting the luminosity and the total cross section measurements are also determined using the full simulation chain. The ALFA detector operates in a complex environment and consequently its design requires a great care. A large tests campaign has been performed on the front end electronics. The results and the corresponding data analysis have shown that all requirement where fulfilled. A test beam has been preformed at each major step in the detector development. During these periods, the detector has been investigated under all aspects. The tracks reconstruction algorithm, the methods to extract the detection efficiency or the cross talk level are just a part of all the parameters that have to be determined. All these tests have confirmed the technical choices made so far and allowed to launch the serial production of the eight detectors that will be install in 2011 for the luminosity measurement.
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Contributor : Sabine Starita <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 11, 2010 - 11:10:47 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:00:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 19, 2012 - 1:30:16 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00491316, version 1




M. Heller. Mesure de la luminosité absolue et de la section efficace totale proton-proton dans l'expérience ATLAS au LHC. Physique des Hautes Energies - Expérience [hep-ex]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00491316⟩



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