Modélisation intégrée de la précipitation pour le soudage par friction malaxage d'alliages d'aluminium à durcissement structural

Abstract : Friction stir welding (FSW) is a recent welding process invented by The Welding Institute (TWI). It is particularly interesting for the aeronautical sector due to its capacity to weld 2XXX and 7XXX age-hardening aluminium alloys, which were previously considered unweldable. This relatively new process is currently the subject of active research. This work aims to simulate the hardness profile of an AA2024-T3 friction stir weld. AA2024-T3 is an age hardening aluminium alloy, so it is necessary to predict the effect of temperature on the evolution of precipitation during the process to deduce its yield strength. An estimation of the temperature field during the stationary regime relies on internal work of the SMS centre. Precipitate evolution during welding is simulated using two models. The first one, based on the isokinetic strength, is an extension to under-aged aluminium alloys of the Myhr & Grong model (1991) established for the overaged aluminium alloy. The second one, based on the Kampmann and Wagner (1983) numerical framework discretizes the distribution of the precipitate radius to deduce its evolution. Though the first model can predict the hardness evolution during isothermal treatments, the simulated profiles do not match the experimental ones. Only the second one can predict reasonably well the microstructures in agreement with the observations described in the thesis of Genevois (2004) and also with hardness profiles close to the experimental ones. An analytical expression for the heat flux during a differential scanning calorimetry experiment has been established as a function of microstructural parameters. This gives one the possibility to simulate a DSC experiment and to validate the coherency between thermodynamical and kinetic quantities, as introduced in the second precipitation model.
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Emmanuel Hersent. Modélisation intégrée de la précipitation pour le soudage par friction malaxage d'alliages d'aluminium à durcissement structural. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010EMSE0564⟩. ⟨tel-00485023v2⟩

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