Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

INSTITUTIONS ET DÉVELOPPEMENT : ANALYSE DES EFFETS MACROÉCONOMIQUES DES INSTITUTIONS ET DE RÉFORMES INSTITUTIONNELLES DANS LES PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT

Abstract : This dissertation is a contribution to the economic analysis of institutions. In the recent years, many studies have showed that weak institutions in developing countries are one of the deep causes of their poor economic performances. While the need of institutional reforms in developing countries seems to raise consensus, the literature rarely takes into account the costs related to the improvement in the quality of institutions. In addition, improving the quality of institutions may induce costs in the short run whereas benefits will show themselves in the long run. The lag between the costs and benefits of better institutional quality may thus reduce developing countries' incentives to reform their institutions. Moreover, the literature tackles few, the question of factors likely to facilitate institutional reforms in developing countries. This dissertation attempts to provide clarifications on these points and has two main objectives. The first objective is to analyse the rationale of the choice of a strategy of economic development based on institutional reform in developing countries. In other words, in spite of the delay in the positive effect of institutional quality improvement, the dissertation seeks to know whether it is economically justified to reform institutions in developing countries. The second objective is to analyse factors likely to facilitate institutional reforms in developing countries. The main results of empirical analyses using data covering the period 1960-2005 confirm that, it is better for developing countries to choose a strategy of economic development based on the reform of their institutions. Likewise, this dissertation shows that an effective combination of internal factors -the existence in developing countries of effective institutions of constraints on the executive- and external factors -FDI inflows in developing countries- are likely to facilitate the reform of private property rights institutions in developing countries. Indeed, our empirical analyses show that: (1) An improvement in the quality of democratic institutions, property rights institutions and regulatory institutions in particular, are favourable to economic growth sustainability in developing countries. (2) The improvement in the quality of institutions induces costs in the short run and benefits in the long run, however, the long run benefits might outweigh the short run costs. We highlight this result through a comparison of the short and the long run effects of democratic institutions on economic growth in developing countries. (3) The probability of reforming private property rights institutions increases with FDI inflows in developing countries endowed with effective institutions of constraints on the executive.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [226 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00484905
Contributor : Agnès Carcenac <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2010 - 2:41:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:17:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 16, 2010 - 2:47:17 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00484905, version 1

Collections

Citation

Abdoul' Ganiou Mijiyawa. INSTITUTIONS ET DÉVELOPPEMENT : ANALYSE DES EFFETS MACROÉCONOMIQUES DES INSTITUTIONS ET DE RÉFORMES INSTITUTIONNELLES DANS LES PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00484905⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

991

Files downloads

26677