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Theses

Analyse économique d'un bien public local : les espaces verts

Abstract : The densification of urban areas and their periurban extension tend to greatly modify landscapes and lifestyles in these areas. Urban green spaces are becoming essential elements of modern urbanism. These contribute to the sustainability of cities and are acclaimed by the citizens. Despite the existence of opinion polls on green spaces and government reports on the underlying issues, few economic studies have been devoted to them. Given this situation, a better knowledge and understanding of green space policies are needed. Their non-market characteristic leads us to the issue of the management of public goods. We identify the sources of market failures in order to highlight economic problems inherent in the allocation of green spaces. It stems a need to identify individual preferences and understand public choices through both a positive and empirical analysis. The application of the hedonic pricing method in the city of Angers can highlight that resident households give value to green spaces. Through the use of indicators derived from landscape ecology, we show that not only access to green spaces, but also their distribution affects the choice of residential location. The identification of a demand leads us to consider the local supply of green spaces. To do this, we construct three samples from a survey and geographic information systems. We test the model of the median voter for municipalities in the region of Pays de la Loire, and then we test the model of horizontal externalities in samples of municipalities in the department of Loire-Atlantique and the urban area of Angers. Our results show the existence of mimetic behaviour between municipalities.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00477749
Contributor : Anne-Marie Plé <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 30, 2010 - 11:43:19 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:01:38 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 30, 2010 - 4:40:12 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00477749, version 1

Citation

Johanna Choumert. Analyse économique d'un bien public local : les espaces verts. Economies et finances. Université d'Angers, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00477749⟩

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