Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Bioarchéologie des sujets immatures de quatre nécropoles du haut Moyen Âge européen : méthodes d'étude du développement et des interactions biologie/culture

Abstract : Thorough bioarchaeological studies of children populations are few, and their integration into the adult population is often limited. Nevertheless, it is well known that non-adult's teeth and skeletal remains give a wealth of information about their brief lives, and on the environment where they grew. This study is based on a large skeletal sample (N= 613 individuals ranging from perinates to late adolescence), dated from the Early Middle Age (essentially 9th-11th centuries AD) and belonging to very different lifestyle populations (urban vs. rural): Cherbourg Notre-Dame, Norroy-le-Veneur (France), Mikulčice Kostelisko and Prušánky 1 (Czech Republic) ; plus the identified collection from Spitalfields (London, UK) used for methodological issues. The topic of the study is threefold: Synthetic, comparative, and methodological, in order to give a global point of view on the children in a given bioarchaeological context. The biological patterns studied (age at death, intra- and inter-population variability, skeletal growth profiles) do not demonstrate significant differences between lifestyle, whereas non-specific stress indicators, caries lesions, and funerary practices do and can describe the environment where the children grew. It has also been possible to detect and demonstrate biological patterns within archaeological samples, which is a great result, totally unexpected considering all the biases of such studies. Finally, new methodological approaches have been built (secondary age estimation, dental mineralization sequences, skeletal growth profiles with the transition analysis), allowing a better integration of the immature individuals among large population syntheses. They highlight the non-adult part of population's great contribution to bioarchaeology.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00476890
Contributor : Jean-Bernard Huchet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2010 - 3:08:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 12:36:52 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 28, 2010 - 1:14:13 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00476890, version 1

Collections

Citation

Virginie Garcin. Bioarchéologie des sujets immatures de quatre nécropoles du haut Moyen Âge européen : méthodes d'étude du développement et des interactions biologie/culture. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Bordeaux I, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00476890⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

540

Files downloads

5075