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Contribution de l'aide publique au développement à l'amélioration de la santé dans les pays en développement

Abstract : The reduction of child mortality is one of the most universally accepted millennium development goals. International assistance is one of the means implemented to reach it. However, even if many successes of health aid activities have been underlined at the microeconomic level, the effectiveness of health assistance in general remains unknown. Indeed, in spite of many macroeconomic works on aid effectiveness on economic growth, only little deals with its effectiveness in health. The purpose of this thesis is precisely to assess the effectiveness of foreign assistance in improving health, at the macroeconomic level. Besides, it has been pointed out that foreign aid makes it possible to compensate for the effects of macroeconomic instability. In fact, it is already known that income instability is a source of trouble in the economic activity of developing countries. Consequently, we assume that foreign aid could compensate the negative effects of economic instability on health and on the poverty reduction. Before checking this assumption, since the effects of instability on health and poverty are unknown at a macro level, they are analyzed. The five chapters of this thesis can be read independently. The first chapter reviews the macroeconomic determinants of good health, and highlights the ways by which external financing can improve public health. Chapters 2 and 3 explore these channels and analyze the effects of foreign aid on health: those that are direct, i.e. coming from health activities, and those that are indirect, i.e. resulting from a general improvement of the economy. Chapters 4 and 5 analyze the damaging effects of economic instability on health and on poverty reduction, and then consider the aid effectiveness in these fields with instability.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 16, 2010 - 8:54:43 AM
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Catherine Korachais. Contribution de l'aide publique au développement à l'amélioration de la santé dans les pays en développement. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00473640⟩

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