Le transport ferroviaire régional de voyageurs en France : à la lumière de la théorie néo-institutionnaliste et des comptes de surplus

Abstract : This thesis, which fits the general economic issues on the research tools of regulation of network industries, questions the appropriateness of regionalization of French railways. The latter, since the reform introduced by Law SRU associates maintain the monopoly to operate the railway service for Transport Express Regional (TER) with decentralization to the regions of a prerogative hitherto ensured bureaucratic and centralized. In this institutional environment, original in comparison with the European movement, the French regions have they managed to write and to govern the "system SNCF-TER” ? To answer these two questions, the author engages the neo-institutional theory, from which it offers an array of interpretive economic architecture conventions TER and a transposition of this method accounts surplus (MAS) for study the economic performance of these contracts. The results obtained on the sample of seven regions that have experienced the regionalization can only partially confirm the usual deductions made from the standard theory of monopoly and capture the regulator by the regulated firm. If the contracting SNCF / regions far removed from the model "net cost", expresses the acceptance by the legislature of a broad insurance cover industrial, commercial, and more on investments by the Community, regionalization resulted a variety of employment contracts. A detailed analysis shows the hybrid modes of governance that the author calls "fiduciaro-authoritarian". The MAS found that while the effect of monopoly is present and needed to Regions, it does little to benefit the railway operator, but rather to RFF. The trend, travelers have become "winners" of regionalization rail.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 9, 2010 - 2:47:14 PM
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Christian Desmaris. Le transport ferroviaire régional de voyageurs en France : à la lumière de la théorie néo-institutionnaliste et des comptes de surplus. Economies et finances. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00472091⟩

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