Some methods for estimating the effective properties of heterogeneous plates

Abstract : From the beginning of the twentieth century, the use of materials in the form of plates and beams has grown until today, especially in the automobile industry, construction, and more recently in aeronautics. However one of the difficulties of studying the mechanical behavior of these structures consists of its heterogeneous nature. Using conventional numerical methods for estimating the global elastic constants of heterogeneous and multi-layered structures is costly in time of computation. That is why many simplified methods have been presented, particularly when the size of the heterogeneity is much smaller than the characteristic dimensions of the structure. In this case, the latter may be perceived as a continuous homogeneous medium and homogenization methods can be therefore widely used. On the other hand, there are heterogeneous structures for which the size of the heterogeneity is the same order as the thickness. In this case, the use of homogenization methods is not appropriate anymore. In the context of this thesis, we study some new methods for estimating the effective properties of heterogeneous plates. We propose in the first part a plate model based on the first-order shear deformation theory for functionally graded materials where shear correction coefficients are identified. In the second part, we propose a new numerical method for computing the effective elastic properties of periodic heterogeneous plates. The method is based on a new Green's operator for periodic media with traction-free boundary conditions, an iterative method and the Fast Fourier Transform. A study of scale effect is also performed. The obtained result shows that this effect is small
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Engineering Sciences [physics]. Université Paris-Est, 2008. English. <NNT : 2008PEST0270>


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Trung Kien Nguyen. Some methods for estimating the effective properties of heterogeneous plates. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Université Paris-Est, 2008. English. <NNT : 2008PEST0270>. <tel-00469274>

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