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Les justices seigneuriales en Anjou et dans le Maine à la fin du Moyen âge : institutions, acteurs et pratiques

Abstract : As mentioned in the title, this research aims at deciphering the organisation and the way of functioning of seigneurial jurisdictions located in Anjou and Maine at the end of the Middle Ages. After having long being depicted as ineffective, incompetent, biased and even greedy, seigneurial justices have since then undergone a historiographical revision. Law history, which is currently booming, has also given rise to new and original issues that we mean to partially address. Based on an exhaustive research in the archives of judicial practice, the study attempts to approach case and fine records both in a quantitative and qualitative way, while widely addressing the customary law that was in force in these two provinces of the realm of France. This research's goal is also to examine the way the hearing was organised (time and place of justice), the personnel that it required (law practitioners and justice auxiliaries), but also the daily activity of seigneurial courts (civil gracious and contentious justice, but also criminal justice) through the followed procedure, the type of cases that were judged and pronounced condemnations, while attempting to figure out the “models” that are likely to have influenced the carrying out of judicial practice in this region and at this institutional level. Beyond these strictly legal and judicial aspects, the study lastly attempts to outline the profile of the litigants, the way they used justice, and more widely, the place and the role assigned to justice towards the population falling under this jurisdiction and seigneurial authority.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2010 - 3:39:46 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:02:33 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 8, 2010 - 8:12:57 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00467929, version 1


Isabelle Mathieu. Les justices seigneuriales en Anjou et dans le Maine à la fin du Moyen âge : institutions, acteurs et pratiques. Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00467929⟩



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