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La viabilité du cabotage maritime de marchandises conteneurisées entre la péninsule ibérique et l'Europe du nord-ouest

Hipolito Martell 1
1 CIRTAI-IDEES - Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en transports et affaires internationales
IDEES - Identités et Différenciation de l'Environnement des Espaces et des Sociétés
Abstract : Since 1995, the European Union try to find solutions to impulse the Short-Sea-Shipping (SSS) and a transfer of freight from haulage to balance the modal split between transports in Europe. The “Sea ways” are a more ecological alternative than haulage, and a solution to prevent the highways saturation. Otherwise, the characteristics of international maritime transport make the SSS not only an option but also an economic necessity to develop, or to preserve, the maritime and port's activities. The SSS may to be an important freight traffic source. We analyzed haulage flux between 112 cities of Iberia peninsula and northwest Europe, which may to be the source of freight to SSS from an eventual haulage transfer. We identified three main (expedition/reception) zones of haulage freight, which may furnish the main volumes. We developed a model of “modal choice” to compare between unimodal and combined transport alternatives. We applied this model in the case of haulage and SSS costs competition. The concentration of competitive SSS links on ports might us to define a SSS development potential to 57 ports. The distribution of haulage flux, allow us to identify some SSS lines between “high potential” ports. Finally, we build a scenario, based on a 30% haulage transfer supposition, and we have assigned the freight volumes to SSS identified lines. Even if SSS is competitive and his development is economically feasible, a politic will and investments of European Union are necessaries to impulse it in effective way.
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Hipolito Martell. La viabilité du cabotage maritime de marchandises conteneurisées entre la péninsule ibérique et l'Europe du nord-ouest. Géographie. Université du Havre, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00465352⟩



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