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Élaboration de nouveaux nanomatériaux photocatalytiques actifs sous rayonnement visible

Abstract : This PhD work is devoted to elaboraton of nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticles of controlled size for applications in nanocoatings and photocatalysis. The metastable colloids are prepared in a sol-gel reactor with rapid (turbulent) micro-mixing and in-situ particles granulometry, starting from titanium tétraisopropoxyde precursor. The effect of the fluids mixing on the particle size distribution was analysed using hydrodynamic k- modeling. The study of the nucleation-growth kinetics has evidenced that the hierarchical growth mechanism is also valid for the sub-nucleus units (clusters). Different domains of the cluster stability and growth kinetics have been discovered. The nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by hydroxyurea (HyU) injection into the reaction zone at the nucleation stage. The doping accelerates the reaction kinetics and induces strong yellow coloration of the nanocolloid, due to a new absorption band in the spectral range of 380-550 nm. This has been explained by the formation of a stable HyU-TiO2 complex, which bounds two nanoparticles through the NCO group. FTIR, Raman, UV-visible absorption and XPS measurements confirm the complex formation. In particular, the XPS measurements suggest formation of the interstitial NO (400 eV peak). The doped nanocoatings were prepared on glass beads and thereafter were subjected to calcination in order to achieve most catalytically active anatase polymorph. The XPS, ATG-MS and EXAFS measurements indicate that the calcination temperature is critical for the dopant retention in the prepared material. The photocatalytic tests were performed on trichlorethylene degradation in gas phase under visible light illumination. The influence the hydrolysis ratio, HyU molar loading and calcination temperature on photocatalytic activity was studied
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2010 - 10:46:17 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 15, 2020 - 1:57:28 AM
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Rabah Azouani. Élaboration de nouveaux nanomatériaux photocatalytiques actifs sous rayonnement visible. Génie des procédés. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00464422⟩

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