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Développement d’outils mathématiques et numériques pour l’évaluation du concept de stockage géologique

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to analyze and develop mathematical concepts and tools in application to performance assessment of an underground nuclear waste disposal. The first part is concerned with estimating the far field concentration of radionuclides released by containers of waste when uncertainties on the release are taking in account. Using the work of A. Bourgeat and A. Piatniski about homogenization of a convection-diffusion equation with random source term, numerical tools are developed to approximate the random behavior of the concentration field in an underground disposal configuration. In a second part, we are interested in gas migration in and around an underground nuclear waste disposal. After a review on physical models of two-phase flow in porous media for water/hydrogen mixture, we propose a new mathematical formulation describing one- (liquid) and two- (liquid/gas) phase flow with a unique set of equation. Considering the general theory of quasilinear elliptic-parabolic differential equations introduced by H.W. Alt and S. Luckhaus, we study existence of solutions for this formulation. A numerical method to solve the problem is implemented to simulate several test cases. These test cases run from very simple situations to a representative configuration of an underground nuclear waste disposal. Finally, the periodic homogenization of the model is done and applied to simulate the Couplex-Gas exercise proposed by ANDRA.
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Farid Smaï. Développement d’outils mathématiques et numériques pour l’évaluation du concept de stockage géologique. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10287⟩. ⟨tel-00463607v2⟩

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