Vivre dans les organisations modernes : ethnologie des hommes des usines et des bureaux

Abstract : THIS DOCTORAL DISSERTATION ANALYSES FOUR MODERN ORGANIZATIONS : THREE PUBLIC OR PRIVATE INDUSTRIAL FIRMS (AUTOMOBILE, STEEL AND ELECTRICAL COMPANIES) AND A MUNICIPAL PUBLIC OFFICE. ONE IS LOCATED IN FRANCE, THREE IN ARGENTINA. THROUGH THIS VARIETY OF CASES, THE DISSERTATION AIMS TO ELABORATE THE MAIN PRINCIPLES OR A "GENERAL CHARACTERIZATION" OF HUMAN ACTIVITY INSIDE BIG MODERN ORGANIZATIONS, IN ORDER TO CONTRIBUTE TO ANTHROPOLOGICAL REFLECTION ABOUT HUMAN UNIVERSALITY AND GROUPS' SPECIFICITIES. THE HIERARCHICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND THE SYMBOLIC PRACTICES OF ORGANIZATIONS' MEMBERS ARE EXAMINED CAREFULLY. METHOD USED IS PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION ; MEANS OF ACCESS TO, AND THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF EACH ORGANIZATION, ARE CAREFULLY DESCRIBED. IT IS ARGUED THAT INDUSTRIAL FIRMS AND PUBLIC BUREAUS ARE NOT CLOSED WORLDS, SINCE THEIR MEMBERS MAY ALSO CLAIM OTHER FACETS OF THEIR IDENTITY. BESIDES THE GAME OF "TAMED CREATIVITY" DERIVED FROM THE RULES OF EACH ORGANIZATION, MEMBERS ACHIEVE AN IMAGINATIVE "BRICOLAGE" USING MATERIAL AND SYMBOLIC ORGANIZATIONAL ELEMENTS. THE CONCLUSION OF THE DISSERTATION CONSIDERS MODERN ORGANIZATIONS AS "ORDERS OF COMMUNICATION", FOR ORGANIZATIONAL MEDIATIONS EVOKE SOME ASPECTS OF HUMAN LANGUAGE, LIKE THE ELABORATION OF SIGNIFICANT OPPOSITIONS.


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Submitted on : Thursday, March 11, 2010 - 8:09:14 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00463053, version 1

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Denis Guigo. Vivre dans les organisations modernes : ethnologie des hommes des usines et des bureaux. Business administration. Ecole Polytechnique X, 1991. French. <tel-00463053>

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