VOIX PUBLIQUES. Environnements sonores, représentations et usages d'habitation dans un quartier populaire de Naples.

Olivier Féraud 1, 2
2 LAHIC - Laboratoire d'anthropologie et d'histoire de l'institution de la culture
IIAC - Institut interdisciplinaire d'anthropologie du contemporain, Mission à l'Ethnologie, Ministère de la Culture
Abstract : This research concerns the sonic environment in the Quartieri Spagnoli, a popular area of Naples. Participating to an elaboration of a sound anthropology, this work presents an interdisciplinary approach dealing with aspects concerning social anthropology, microsociology, urban anthropology, anthropology of the communication and sociolinguistic, sensorial anthropology and prosody. Observing the every day life and its « way of doing », showing the different modalities of occupying space allows to underline the prevalence of polyvalence of intimate and collective spaces. The street let see its plurality of uses, users, and spatial and temporal organisation. In front of the appropriation strategies, the diversity of urban space and the porosity of habitat that can be observed in social and perceptive levels, the dimension of sound appears central. On the one hand, as a sonic production allowing relation to the others, the vocality has a central place inside the social life of the quarter. Observing acts of loud voice and distant communications allows to reveal the social meaning of these « public voices », by confronting merchants shouts to domestic oral communications. On the other hand, as they impose themselves in the urban environment as a pleasure of noise, the firecrackers and fireworks sonorities reveal an intention of surrounding the sonic environment, through their representation discours,. Through the dialectic surrounding firecrackers and fireworks, emerges divergent relationships to sound environment and public space, expressing social and cultural dynamics that are representative of the Neapolitan context. At least, the analysis reveals that these two types of sonorities (voice and fireworks) can be considered as sonic environments that, even if they divide the Neapolitan population in one way, they gather together the inhabitants that feel themselves integrated in it and gives evidence of the social life of the Quartieri Spagnoli. The example of a popular Neapolitan quarter let us to insist on a central aspect of sonic environment, that represents a potentiality of creating social links. Insisting on anthropological pertinence of observing and using sound as an ethnographic document, this study highlights connexions between ways of « living in », social relationships and sonic environments.
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Contributor : Olivier Féraud <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 3:12:17 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 15, 2019 - 3:26:01 PM
Long-term archiving on : Tuesday, September 28, 2010 - 12:16:38 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00462396, version 1

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Olivier Féraud. VOIX PUBLIQUES. Environnements sonores, représentations et usages d'habitation dans un quartier populaire de Naples.. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00462396⟩

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