Penser un monde par-delà les frontières : Derrida et Tirumular, essai de philosophie comparative

Abstract : Derrida's philosophical understanding of justice and "messianic," which Derrida considers "undeconstructible," serves as a hermeneutical key to the transcendence to the singular other. This approach enables him to propose a radically different understanding of certain conventional themes like forgiveness, gift, hospitality etc., which is both desirable and imperative in present day's global situation. Derrida's deconstruction is therefore an invitation to transcend all possible and visible horizons in order to ensure a world without boundaries where in every singular other can retain the meaning of his very being. If Derrida's deconstruction insists on transcendence as that which motivates the "creation" of a world without boundaries, a just world for every singular other, the Tamil Saiva tradition, believed to have its roots already in the 5th century BCE and philosophically established since 6th century CE, surprisingly arrives at the same objective as Derrida, that is, a world beyond boundaries. Already in the classical period of Tamil philosophical literature (Sangam between 2nd century BCE and 2nd century CE), Kanniyan Poonkonranar has expressed this desire in the form of poetry: "Yadhum Ouré; Yavarum Kélir," "Every town is ours and every person belongs to our family." This radical boundary breaking vision is well-developed by Tirumular, a Tamil Saiva Saint (Tamil Saiva siddha) in the 6th century CE in his Tirumantiram (sacred prayers) consisting of more than 3000 poems. Such a radical vision beyond boundaries is an interesting area of convergence between Derrida's philosophical thinking and that of Tamil Saiva philosophical tradition, notably that of Tirumular. However, Tirumular, while underscoring the importance of transcending visible horizons has insisted on an inward journey of the consciousness through spiritual means of Yoga. Our task is to first penetrate into Derrida's philosophical venture: to raise questions with which he grapples and for which he seeks responses, by entering his "life world" to borrow a term from Habermas. This research is an attempt to make a comparative study of two philosophical heritage, one of Derrida and the other of Tirumular
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Philosophy. Université Paris-Est, 2008. French. <NNT : 2008PEST0217>


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Nishant Alphonse Irudayadason. Penser un monde par-delà les frontières : Derrida et Tirumular, essai de philosophie comparative. Philosophy. Université Paris-Est, 2008. French. <NNT : 2008PEST0217>. <tel-00462179>

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