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Enthésopathies et activités des hommes préhistoriques - Recherche méthodologique et application aux fossiles européens du Paléolithique supérieur et du Mésolithique

Abstract : In bioarchaeology, enthesopathies i.e. "musculoskeletal stress markers" are assumed to reflect the activity of the attaching musculature. The study of enthesopathies in European Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic human fossils offers the opportunity to improve our knowledge of the behaviours and lifestyles of these populations and to reveal some unknown aspects like sexual division of labour. The methodological gaps in this approach (e.g. absence of medical reference and validation) led me to propose a new method of studying enthesopathies based on current medical data. This method consists of four scoring systems and has been tested on a reference sample of known age at death, sex and activity. The analysis has established a link between osseous modifications and physical activity for one of the systems. The latter has been applied to a sample of Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic fossils (n = 95) after a new assessment of their sex and age at death by using reliable methods. The results give evidence of the relevance of this approach. First, they allow to propose the hypothesis of a sexual division of labour during this period, with throwing activities devolved to men. Second, the results reveal behavioural differences between Gravettian populations and more recent ones, implying a reduction in mobility and an intensification of subsistence activities at the end of the Upper Palaeolithic and during the Mesolithic.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00460387
Contributor : Sébastien Villotte <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 1, 2010 - 11:44:23 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 10:26:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, June 18, 2010 - 8:28:40 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00460387, version 1

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Sébastien Villotte. Enthésopathies et activités des hommes préhistoriques - Recherche méthodologique et application aux fossiles européens du Paléolithique supérieur et du Mésolithique. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00460387⟩

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