Tensor modeling and signal processing for wireless communication systems

Abstract : In several signal processing applications for wireless communications, the received signal is multidimensional in nature and may exhibit a multilinear algebraic structure. In this context, the PARAFAC tensor decomposition has been the subject of several works in the past six years. However, generalized tensor decompositions are necessary for covering a wider class of wireless communication systems with more complex transmission structures, more realistic channel models and more efficient receiver signal processing. This thesis investigates tensor modeling approaches for multiple-antenna systems, channel equalization, signal separation and parametric channel estimation. New tensor decompositions, namely, the block-constrained PARAFAC and CONFAC decompositions, are developed and studied in terms of identifiability. First, the block-constrained PARAFAC decomposition is applied for a unified tensor modeling of oversampled, DS-CDMA and OFDM systems with application to blind multiuser equalization. This decomposition is also used for modeling multiple-antenna (MIMO) transmission systems with block space-time spreading and blind detection, which generalizes previous tensor-based MIMO transmission models. The CONFAC decomposition is then exploited for designing new MIMO-CDMA transmission schemes combining spatial diversity and multiplexing. Blind symbol/code/channel recovery is discussed from the uniqueness properties of this decomposition. This thesis also studies new applications of third-order PARAFAC decomposition. A new space-time-frequency spreading system is proposed for multicarrier multiple-access systems, where this decomposition is used as a joint spreading and multiplexing tool at the transmitter using tridimensional spreading code with trilinear structure. Finally, we present a PARAFAC modeling approach for the parametric estimation of SIMO and MIMO multipath wireless channels with time-varying structure.
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André de Almeida. Tensor modeling and signal processing for wireless communication systems. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2007. English. ⟨tel-00460157⟩

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