Pauvreté de la population active en France : Définitions, caractéristiques, dynamique

Abstract : In France, in 2005, the poverty rate rose at 9.6% of the active population according to the Insee's definition of the relative poverty, i.e. 2.6 millions of poor active persons. The poverty rate informs rightly the proportion of poor active persons at a given date, but doesn't inform about the active population inflows into the poverty and outflows outside the poverty. Demographic analysis tools allow bringing a longitudinal analysis of these phenomena. Throughout this work, we will answer to the following two questions: - among the active persons having lived, during the same period, the inflow into the poverty, what is the proportion of those which have left the poverty? - among the active persons having lived, during the same period, the outflow outside the poverty, what is the proportion of those which have entered again into the poverty? In fact, the relative poverty definition measures a change into the household's position on the incomes scale, and not a real change regarding the standard of living. In that case, the absolute poverty definition which we suggest seems more appropriate for a longitudinal study about poverty. 7 persons per 10 actually work among the poor active persons. Even if employment protects against poverty, it's not a sufficient protection. The family situation is also a factor to take into account. Eventually, risks of outflows outside the poverty and risks of inflows into the poverty depend of the active person's individual characteristics but also modify outflow when the active person knows a favourable or unfavourable change regarding his/her situation in the labour market or family situation.
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domain_other. Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV, 2009. Français
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Virginie Jourdan. Pauvreté de la population active en France : Définitions, caractéristiques, dynamique. domain_other. Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV, 2009. Français. <tel-00458350>

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