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Les établissements médico-sociaux destinés à l'accueil des adultes en situation de handicap mental ou psychique. La construction d'une diversité d'usages entre prises en charge totalisantes et ouvertures sur des trajectoires singulières (1975-2005).

Abstract : Meeting people with intellectual or psychic disabilities is a source of unease for 'normal' people. Until recently, these persons were assigned to institutional places and housing. But at the same time that these placements were being made, theses persons were also gradually invited to find a place within the ideal of the emancipated and empowered individual. It the meeting of these two traditions and their uses that produce what now appears to be the diversity of trajectories that occur in the space of the medical/social bureaucracy. This thesis based on an investigation of their intersections in sheltered work establishments during the period from 1975 to 2005, explores the effects of the encounters between these traditions and their practical uses. The first section presents the mental disabilities in relation to the obligations of social interactions in daily life. In a second stage these infirmities of sign are presented in relation to the historical transformations of these expectations and in relation to the devices established to support these disabilities. The second section, based on interviews of disabled persons and an examination of archives, offers typical segments of these trajectories as viewed by these persons. The third section examines the share of professional mediations in the construction of these intersections. In conclusion, these investigations lead to infer that the practices resulting of this ideal of emancipation, whose current directional words would be accountability, supportive community living and coordinated social work, could lead to new moral obligations and... to new practical uses of theses obligations.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00458286
Contributor : Joel Le Dantec <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 19, 2010 - 6:58:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:00:46 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, June 18, 2010 - 6:21:17 PM

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Joel Le Dantec. Les établissements médico-sociaux destinés à l'accueil des adultes en situation de handicap mental ou psychique. La construction d'une diversité d'usages entre prises en charge totalisantes et ouvertures sur des trajectoires singulières (1975-2005).. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00458286⟩

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