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Métropolisation et recomposition d'un espace d'immigration méditerranéen : le cas de Barcelone

Abstract : During the last twenty years, Barcelona, international Mediterranean metropolis, with around 4 millions inhabitants, have known a migratory resetting comparable to the situation of the entire Mediterranean regions of Europe, the so-called "Southern Doors of the Schengen Area". The first step of metropolization of this city, between 1900 and 1970, is closely connected to the huge internal migration experienced by the poorest regions of Spain. This movement explains to a great extent both the demographic and economic polarisation, as well as functional. As a matter of fact, there is a complex dialectical relation between metropolization, immigration and identity. Endowed with a strong identity, distinct from those of migrants, and expressed notably through the language and the claimings from the nationalist movement, the metropolis has yet integrated more than 3 millions of internal migrants. The seventies, symbolized at once by the autonomy status given by the new democratic constitution and the economic crisis which generate some intense resetting in the metropolitan space, are also, and this for all of the world's largest metropolis, the beginning of a new phase of metropolization, characterized by a decentralization of the activities and the population inside a metropolitan larger and larger and which experiences a functional reorganization. The new international migration movement towards Barcelona, which presents an extreme diversity both in origin and socio-professional characteristics, takes part in these new tendencies of metropolization, and each migrant group had some specific and complementary territoriality which adds to the new spatial logic of the metropolis. In this The Catalan identity is itself changing, the migratory transformations appearing as a sign of the relations between nationalism and globalization.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2010 - 4:54:20 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00457928, version 1

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Naïk Miret. Métropolisation et recomposition d'un espace d'immigration méditerranéen : le cas de Barcelone. Géographie. Université de Poitiers, 1998. Français. ⟨tel-00457928⟩

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