Observation et commande de quelques systèmes à paramètres distribués

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis consists to investigate the following themes : observation and control of a flexible structure system and asymptotic stability of a heat exchangers system. This work is placed in the field of the control of systems described by partial differential equations (PDEs). We consider a rotating body-beam system whose dynamics are not physically measurable. An infinite-dimensional exponentially convergent Luenberger-like observer is presented in order to estimate the state variables. The observer is also valid for a time-varying angular velocity around some constant. We can accelerate the decay rate of the observer by a second step design. The main contribution of this work consists in building a numerical simulator based on the finite element method (FEM). A numerical investigation is carried out for the system with constant or time-varying angular velocity. We examine the influence of the gain choice on the decay rate of the observer. The robustness of the observer is tested with the measurement corrupted by noise. By cascading our observer and a feedback control law, we wish to obtain a global stabilization of the rotating bodybeam system. The relevant numerical results make it possible for us to conjecture that the closed-loop system is locally asymptotically stable. We investigate the exponential stability of the heat exchangers systems with diffusion or without diffusion. We establish the exponential stability of the model with diffusion in a Banach space. Moreover, the optimal decay rate of the system is computed for the model with diffusion. We prove exponential stability in (C[0, 1])4 space for the model without diffusion. The optimal decay rate in the latter case is not yet found.
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Xiaodong Li. Observation et commande de quelques systèmes à paramètres distribués. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10316⟩. ⟨tel-00456850v2⟩

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