Effets de la contrainte temporelle sur la coordination posture/mouvement : particularité d'une situation d'anticipation-coïncidence

Nabil Ilmane 1
1 Laboratoire Activité Motrice et Adaptation Psycho Physiologique
AMAPP - Activité Motrice et Adaptation PsychoPhysiologique
Abstract : Voluntary movements are generally accompanied by anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). They are centrally generated as a feedforward mechanism to counteract the mechanical effects of predicted balance perturbations. Previous studies showed that the coordination between posture and movement is modified depending on whether the movement is performed in a reactive temporal pressure (TRS) or in a self-initiated (AI) manner. The aim of this thesis is to examine the coordination of posture and movement in anticipation-coincidence (AC) timing tasks in simple and complex movements, and then to compare this mode to the TRS and AI modes. Three experiments was achieved to verify : (1) whether simple movement coordination modes can be extended to complex movements ; (2) whether the temporal characteristics of the mobile used in the task modifies the coordination in AC condition ; (3) to which extent the motor commands of APAs and the focal movement are coupled in response to the TRS and AC temporal pressures. Results show that: (1) the different strategies of coordination between posture and movement are extended to the complex tasks; (2) the predictable timing of movement execution in the AC condition generates behaviours closer to those observed in AI condition; (3) the differences in the coordination between the reactive (TRS) and the predictive (AC, AI) conditions are related to the difference in the preparatory processes which consists on the dissociation of postural and focal commands in the predictive situations, and the association of this motor commands in the reactive situation. Theoretical implications emerging from these results are discussed.
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domain_other. Université d'Orléans, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ORLE2006>
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Nabil Ilmane. Effets de la contrainte temporelle sur la coordination posture/mouvement : particularité d'une situation d'anticipation-coïncidence. domain_other. Université d'Orléans, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ORLE2006>. <tel-00456144>

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