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Systèmes multi-antennes pour diversité et MIMO

Abstract : The high data rates required in modern communication can be achieved by multiplying the radiating element involved in the broadcast and in the reception of the wireless link. This solution is called MIMO (Multiple Input and Multiple Output). Also, to reduce the deep fading caused by the multi-path propagating environment, the diversity technique which consists to place one antenna in the broadcast and several antennas in the reception can be used. However, the integration of several efficient antennas on the printed circuit board (PCB) of a mobile phone is a new challenge for antenna researchers. The main goal remains to keep a high isolation between these radiators, otherwise, the diversity gain and the channel capacity of the system can drastically be reduced. The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the possibility to integrate two closely spaced quarter-wavelength resonators on a small PCB, with high isolation and high total efficiencies when using a neutralization effect between the radiators. However, these two Planar Inverted-F Antennas (PIFAS) were not operating in the same frequency band (DCS and UMTS). This work has been further extended with the successful implementation of this technique to a multi-antennas system operating in the same UMTS band. Several multi-antenna handsets have been designed. Their performance in diversity and MIMO are measured in a reverberation chamber to Göteborg, and in a indoor and outdoor environments to Helsinki.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 9, 2010 - 7:37:54 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00454612, version 1



Aliou Diallo. Systèmes multi-antennes pour diversité et MIMO. Autre. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00454612⟩



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