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Mathematical modeling and methods for rescheduling trains under disrupted operations

Abstract : For operational and unpredictable reasons, many small incidents occur day after day in rail transportation systems. Most of them have a local impact; but, in some cases, minimal disruptions can spread out through the whole network and affect significantly the train schedules. In this Thesis, we present the Railway Rescheduling Problem (RRP) as the problem of finding a new schedule of trains after one or several incidents by minimizing some measure of the effect, e.g., the total delay. This Thesis has been developed in the context of the MAGES project that builds mathematical models and algorithms for optimizing railway operations. Two complementary formulations are proposed to model this problem: Mixed-Integer Programming (MIP) and Constraint Programming (CP). Because of the impossibility of solving real-world instances by using standard solvers, we propose several solutions methods: right-shift rescheduling; a MIP-based local search method; Statistical Analysis of Propagation of Incidents (SAPI); and a CP-based approach. Some methods are presented in different versions by extending them to iterative approaches. Among them; SAPI is one of the major contributions of this Thesis. It integrates the concepts of right-shift rescheduling and the MIP-based local search method by fixing integer variables and adding linear inequalities (cuts). SAPI assumes that the effects of disruptions can be propagated to other upcoming events. Nevertheless, this propagation is not uniform to all events and could be forecasted by a statistical analysis. Different versions of the methods are compared in two different networks located in France and Chile. From the results, it is possible to conclude that SAPI finds good solutions faster than the other methods, while a cooperative CP/MIP approach that takes advantage of both formulations seems to be appropriate for large instances. Because of the difficulty to compare SAPI to other methods presented in the literature due to lack of public benchmarks, we applied it to another problem where public instances are available. Hence, the methodology was adapted and applied to the problem of rescheduling passengers, flights, and aircraft under disrupted operations in the context of the ROADEF challenge 2009. SAPI took the third position on this competition, showing that the method seems to be effective solving such type of problems efficiently
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Rodrigo Acuña-Agost. Mathematical modeling and methods for rescheduling trains under disrupted operations. Other. Université d'Avignon, 2009. English. ⟨NNT : 2009AVIG0165⟩. ⟨tel-00453640⟩

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