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Theses

'Esli' et l'expression de la condition en russe moderne

Abstract : This thesis has been organised according to the various possible meanings of sentences built on the pattern esli p, q, beginning with the most common type, i.e. conditional sentences. The outline, based on the several types of conjuncts found in such sentences, lists the characteristics of each conditional utterance taken separately. The underlying assumption is that conditional sentences can be of four different kinds : • potential condition • unreal condition • virtual condition • real condition Thus, Part 1 is devoted to conditional sentences in the narrowest sense, and to those hypothetical sentences which contain the word esli and pertain to the first three types of condition. It deals with the particular characteristics of those sentences, and with the specifics of their constructions and operating modes. A separate chapter is devoted to the use of lexical synonyms for esli in Modern Russian. Part 2 concentrates on other conditional utterances. It deals with sentences built without using a conjunct, and also with sentences which in lieu of a conjunct resort to a lexeme or to a grammatical form that does not intrinsically convey an idea of condition (the imperative, stoit, tol'ko, ljuboj, etc.). Such sentences are syntactic synonyms for esli-sentences. Finally, Part 3 is devoted to secondary conditionals, i.e. sentences in which the idea of condition only plays a minor role, and to factual sentences. The first category comprises iterative sentences, which real condition. Deductive and concessive sentences are in a category of their own. : they may be hypothetical or factual. As for factual, emphatic and oppositive sentences, they cannot be hypothetical, but they share with conditional sentences a common structure of the esli p, q type. A comprehensive exposition of sentences of the esli p, q type enables us to show that they form a unified whole, of which conditional sentences constitute the core pattern.
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Irina Kor Chahine. 'Esli' et l'expression de la condition en russe moderne. Linguistique. Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00452520⟩

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