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Morphosyntaxe de l'émérillon. Une langue tupi-guarani de Guyane française

Abstract : Over the last two decades, Amazonian linguistics has greatly expanded. Many languages have recently been described and are providing typologists with new data. Within this dynamic current, this dissertation presents a first description of the "Morphosyntax of Emérillon, a Tupi Guarani language of French Guyana". Emérillon is an endangered Amazonian language with an oral tradition. Spontaneous texts recorded from 13 speakers in the field constitute the corpus used for this study. The analysis was conducted within a functional typological approach. It aims at comparing the Emérillon language, on the one hand, with recent typological studies and, on the other, with studies of the other Tupi Guarani languages. The study focuses on morphology and syntax, from nominal phrases to complex sentences, with other areas such as phonology and discourse being also considered. In a typological perspective, most interesting are the cases of a hierarchical cross referencing system, still little discussed in the typological literature, possessive nominal predicates using verbal morphology, and gerund constructions being at the origin of verb serialization. In a comparative perspective, this language seems to be an innovative member of the Tupi Guarani family, for instance with the loss of the absolutive cross referencing system in dependant clauses. Finally, in an areal perspective, the Emérillon language constitutes by a number of traits a representative member of Amazonian languages.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 1, 2010 - 3:17:30 PM
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Françoise Rose. Morphosyntaxe de l'émérillon. Une langue tupi-guarani de Guyane française. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00452100⟩

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