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Géopolitique de l'environnement au Rwanda. Pour une gouvernance participative des espaces protégés

Abstract : For a long time, the governance of protected spaces in Rwanda was characterized by coercive methods in conservation, with conflicts between administrators of these spaces and waterside populations. This statement is relatively common in protected spaces of all countries. But, in Rwanda, is added on two aggravating phenomena: the very strong population density and the difficult socio-economic conditions with which local populations have to live and in particular by the lack of lands issue and big poverty. With the aim of changing these bad practices inherited from the colonization, this governance look into, since 2002, towards policies of participative conservation through Integrated Project of Conservation and Development. After some years of experiment, results of this new conservation approach are far from being satisfactory. Since local actors are not well-integrated is the first cause. To give some answers, this thesis uses other countries experiences in participative conservation. However, considering particularities of protected spaces in Rwanda, these experiences bring little to the Rwandan conservation model. This thesis proposes an adapted model to the Rwandan situation, with a responsible local governance and a local development reconciling objectives of conservation with the poverty reduction.
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Contributor : Gaspard Rwanyiziri <>
Submitted on : Saturday, January 23, 2010 - 11:27:44 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00449865, version 1



Gaspard Rwanyiziri. Géopolitique de l'environnement au Rwanda. Pour une gouvernance participative des espaces protégés. Géographie. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00449865⟩



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