Modèles eulériens et simulation numérique de la dispersion turbulente de brouillards qui s'évaporent

Abstract : The multi-fluid model, providing a Eulerian description of polydisperse sprays, appears as an interesting method for two-phase combustion applications. Its relevance as a numerical tool for industrial device simulations is evaluated in this work. This evaluation assesses the feasibility of multi-fluid simulations in terms of computational cost and analyzes their precision through comparisons with reference methods for spray resolution. In order to define such a reference, the link between the available methods for spray resolution is provided, highlighting their corresponding level of modeling. A first framework of 2-D vortical flows is used to assess the mathematical structure of the multi-fluid model governing system of equations. The link between the mathematical peculiarities and the physical modeling is provided, and a robust numerical scheme efficient for 2-D/3-D configurations is designed. This framework is also used to evaluate the multi-fluid description of evaporating spray sizeconditioned dynamics through quantitative, time-resolved, comparisons with a Lagrangian reference and with experimental data. In order to assess the multi-fluid efficiency in configurations more representative of industrial devices, a numerical solver is designed, providing a framework devoted to spray method evaluation. An original implementation of the multifluid method, combining genericity and efficiency in a parallel framework, is achieved. The coupling with a Eulerian/Lagrangian solver for dispersed two-phase flows, developed at CORIA, is conducted. It allows a precise evaluation of Euler/Lagrange versus Euler/Euler approaches, in terms of precision and computational cost. Finally, the behavior of the multi-fluid model is assessed in 2D-jets and 3-D Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence. It illustrates the ability of the method to capture evaporating spray dynamics in more complex configurations. The method is shown to describe accurately the fuel vapor mass fraction, a key issue for combustion applications. Furthermore, the method is shown to be efficient in domain decomposition parallel computing framework, a key issue for simulations at the scale of industrial devices.
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Mathematics. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ECAP0011>


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Stéphane De Chaisemartin. Modèles eulériens et simulation numérique de la dispersion turbulente de brouillards qui s'évaporent. Mathematics. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009ECAP0011>. <tel-00443982v2>

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