Autorité de certification distribuée pour des réseaux pair-à-pair structurés : modèle, mise en oeuvre et exemples d'applications

Abstract : Peer-to-peer networks allow to design low cost and high availability large systems. Contrary to clients in client-server systems, peers of a peer-to-peer network play an active role in the network and give some bandwidth, computation power and storage to the network : the presence of attackers or misbehaving peers can break the proposed service. Guaranteeing security properties in peer-to-peer networks yields new problems since, contrary to current systems where, most of the times, a central authority allows or not asked operations, no peer should have a critical role for the whole network. The main contribution of this thesis is a distributed certification authority which allows the distributed signature of certificates. Contrary to currently used centralized certification authorities, even in peer-to-peer networks, the authority we propose is fully distributed in the peer-to-peer network and the peers themselves take the decisions, through the cooperation of a fixed percentage of them. We present in this thesis the cryptographic mechanisms used as well as two applications of this authority, in order to limit the sybil attack and to securely name users.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2010 - 4:31:01 PM
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François Lesueur. Autorité de certification distribuée pour des réseaux pair-à-pair structurés : modèle, mise en oeuvre et exemples d'applications. Informatique [cs]. Université Rennes 1, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00443852⟩

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