Abstract : In our search for future uses of information and communication technology, we are inevitably restrained by the limitations of current usage. Artists however when using these technologies may, whether they realize it or not, lead us to certain uses and practices allowing us to imagine some elements of the future. This, of course supposes that artists are capable of anticipating uses in the domain of technical innovation. In order to explore this hypothesis, we decided to analyze artists work to try to understand how « artistic uses » arise during the process of the elaboration and realization of a project, but equally the way in which this work which we qualify as « tekhne-logic » either invent or bring into play new uses (either imagined or real) in contemporary communications. In this context, information and communication technology are use as production tools rather than just tools used for transmission or broadcasting. Artists do not limit themselves to working with information and communication technology but they also work on them, giving them new esthetic, organizational and symbolic forms, creating new methods of communication Along with an analysis of multimedia artistic practice, an in depth analysis of the collaboration between a R & D center (France Telecom R & D) and artists was conducted over three years (2001 – 2004) in order to understand how such collaborations begin and how they lead to innovation in the field of telecommunications. These analyses are important not because of the subjects treated and the results obtained but because of the way they were carried out i.e. the progressive elaboration of an approach based on the hypothesis of an analysis using « in-formational » esthetics. This approach allows us to question the ideas about use, anticipation and innovation using ideas of form and in-formation – questioning the different areas of visibility and it allows us to elaborate the hypothesis that information and communication technology exists today in the form of « Gas media » or « Khaos media ». The object of this research is to consider that Esthetics must be re-invested, more so than now, by Information and Communication Science, not only as an object of research but especially as a theory of form and process.