Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

LA FRANCE, L'ALLEMAGNE ET L'ACIER (1932-1952). DE LA STRATEGIE DES CARTELS A L'ELABORATION DE LA CECA

Abstract : This study is an analysis of Franco-German relations in the steel industry, between the 1930s and the beginning of the 1950s. The research is based on public and private archives, both French and German. Investigating both the free-market economic strategy of corporations and the governmental policy of the two countries, this study documents the formation of European co-operation on an industry-wide scale. French and German steel-makers had contributed, in the 1930s, to the rebirth of the international steel cartel, which was a relatively successful response to the depression. The industrial co-operation which followed was the occasion for more than a simple strengthening of professional links because it brought together individuals from similar social backgrounds that possessed a common European culture. The painful period of World War II did not represent a complete break and some of these professional relationships endured. The French steel industry paid a heavy human price as numerous French steel workers were sent to Germany to work in the huge “Konzerne”. Despite these open wounds, by 1946 French steel-makers were already considering the temporary reconstitution of a European steel cartel. By 1948 official meetings between professionals of the two countries were taking place, particularly in the framework of the international chamber of commerce. But with the financial aid provided by the Marshall plan and the allied occupation of Germany, the Americans began to play a major role. Influenced by this, Jean Monnet completely forbid all agreements and set up the supranational ECSC. Steel-makers from the two countries accepted this new organization for pragmatic reasons. The links which had been formed in the 1930s and the habit of co-operation on a European level permitted these industrial leaders to integrate into this new organization without any significant resistance.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00442332
Contributor : Françoise Berger <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 21, 2009 - 12:36:41 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:30:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 7:51:08 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00442332, version 1

Citation

Françoise Berger. LA FRANCE, L'ALLEMAGNE ET L'ACIER (1932-1952). DE LA STRATEGIE DES CARTELS A L'ELABORATION DE LA CECA. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-00442332⟩

Share