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La vue sur mer et l'urbanisation du littoral. Approche géographique et cartographique sur la Côte d'Azur et la Riviera du Ponant

Abstract : This thesis deals with the interactions between urbanization and visual landscape, in order to understand and anticipate territorial dynamics in coastal areas. For many decades, European and Mediterranean coasts have been being subjected to urban sprawl, resulting from tourism and residential economy. The issue of visual landscape amenities as a factor of urban sprawl as well as a potential tool of regulation therefore constitutes a crucial perspective. In this context, studying sea views, a major component of coastal landscapes, seems to be a key element. Consequently, it comes to formulate the hypothesis of the sea visibility influence on urban sprawl in coastal areas and simultaneously, of the relevance of geographical knowledge of sea visibility in coastal management. In order to demonstrate the impact of sea visibility on coastal urbanized areas, this study proposes in a first time, a methodology to map coastal areas offering sea views and secondly, a spatial analysis of the interactions between sea visibility and land cover. The study focuses on two Mediterranean coastal zones, which territorial development is strongly related to landscape characteristics : the French Riviera, in Southern France, and the West Ligurian Riviera, in North-West Italy. The analysis handles two different scales and various geographical levels, using geographical information tools and methods (GIS is at the heart of the process). Once this approach validated, it is relevant to support the idea of sea visibility mapping as a tool in land planning. An experiment has been realized in collaboration with one coastal municipality of the Alpes-Maritimes province (France).
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Submitted on : Saturday, December 19, 2009 - 12:03:45 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00442279, version 1


Samuel Robert. La vue sur mer et l'urbanisation du littoral. Approche géographique et cartographique sur la Côte d'Azur et la Riviera du Ponant. Géographie. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00442279⟩



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