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Accès à l'eau en périphérie : petits opérateurs privés et pauvreté hydraulique domestique. Enjeux de gouvernance dans les zones périurbaines de Mumbai, Inde

Abstract : This thesis examines water policies in small and medium towns of the peri-urban territories of Mumbai. The starting point of our analysis is the observation that municipal public supply is inefficient in the periphery of Mumbai. Instead, multiplicity of formal and informal water arrangements organise the supply. The aim of this thesis is to explain the reasons of the diversity of water sources and water providers and the way they satisfy household demand. In order to analyse this phenomenon, we have used the tools of new institutional economics and D. North's research work. The results of this thesis are based on a fieldwork carried out in six peri-urban towns of Mumbai. The study consisted of both a household survey about access to water and household preferences in the choice of water providers and in interviews with public utilities' representatives and small scale water operators. This thesis presents two main results. The first one concerns the water consumption pattern of peri-urban households. We have built a water poverty indicator which shows the perception of household water poverty. We cannot address a uniform water consumption pattern in the studied areas. Households proceed to the organisation of their water needs, multiply water sources and develop compensatory strategies in order to satisfy their daily needs. The second result is about water governance in the peri-urban towns. The analysis of the interactions between consumers and public and private water operators show that they are insufficient in order to understand water supply over the study areas. The current trend is an increased "informalisation" of water supply, organised around a powerful lobby set up by local politicians, tankers' owners and landowners. The thesis is organised in seven chapters (an introductive chapter and three parts, each part is composed of two chapters). The introductive chapter presents the institutional environment of urban water supply in India. The first part of the thesis presents the institutional arrangements of water supply (public and private sources and operators) in the peri-urban territories of Mumbai. Despite the multiplicity of water sources, urban households suffer from water poverty. The second part shows how households perceive their access to water throughout a water poverty indicator and presents their compensatory strategies. The last part of the thesis is about water governance in the peri-urban territories of Mumbai. The aim is to identify the determinants of water governance and the changes to undertake.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2009 - 3:12:23 PM
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Anastasia Angueletou-Marteau. Accès à l'eau en périphérie : petits opérateurs privés et pauvreté hydraulique domestique. Enjeux de gouvernance dans les zones périurbaines de Mumbai, Inde. Economies et finances. Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00441281⟩

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