Habiter une ville lointaine. Le cas des migrants japonais à Paris

Abstract : This thesis has for frame a contemporary academic interest in how spatial mobility influences and characterizes the way individuals practically (i.e the spatial organization of their activities) and intellectually (i.e knowledge and representations) connect to their places of residence. This research examines the dwelling modes of Japanese migrants in Paris. They are perfect examples of a specific type of migration between distant locations that are clearly distinct on an urban, social and cultural level. A cross analysis of census data and interviews with a sample of Japanese migrants shows that the individuals confronted with such distance cope in complex, dynamic, and various ways. The duration of their stay, familial or professional events, and the meaning of their Parisian days within their biographies are key factors of differentiation. They translate, among others, into both housing choices in Paris and specific relations to the places they lived in, back in Japan. These elements also have an effect on how fast and how thoroughly the Japanese migrants drift away from the commercial, social or informational resources that are dedicated to them. On a broader scale, the Japanese migrants' settlement patterns and daily practices actively contribute to urban changes: The reinforcement of the international presence in high-end districts of central-western Paris; The specialisation of a fraction of the rental market in high-class foreigners; The growing complexity of gentrifying districts as regards social and ethnic composition; The creation of a specific commercial and cultural supply around “Opéra” that enriches the historical and economic appeal of a major Parisian district. All these contributions stem from the ambiguous positioning of the Japanese as migrants in Paris: they are at the very same time Eastern Asians thousands of kilometres away from home and a migrating elite in a fellow developed country.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 6, 2010 - 1:27:36 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00441142, version 1

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Dubucs Hadrien. Habiter une ville lointaine. Le cas des migrants japonais à Paris. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Poitiers, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00441142⟩

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