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Le patrimoine culturel entre le national et le local : chances et limites de la décentralisation

Abstract : A preoccupation for political power ever since the French Revolution, the historical monument serves as a building block of the nation. During the July Monarchy, the State launched a public policy led by a special government agency that was empowered with financial means and a body of legislative and regulatory authority. This policy led to a veritable nationalization of the entire cultural heritage from historical monuments, natural landmarks and sites to urban patrimony of preserved areas. This centralization at the national level quickly showed its shortcomings and failures : the vast sums of money necessary and the bureaucracy involved with state action provoked the search for new ways and means. The sheer size of the task, forever growing because of the ever incresing size of the national patrimony and the emergence of the principle of subsidiarity drove the State to involve local and regional governments in this public interest mission and to organize a progressive transfer of powers to those governments. These local and regional goverments became aware of the importance of their patrimony as a symbol of their identity as well as a source of development, while the people were also measuring tis positive impact on their everyday environment. With this change that has brought the State to concentrate on its higher level functions and has left responsability for the cultural patrimony to the local and regional governments, a balance has been difficult to achieve, especially with the demand of participatory democracy requiring greater involvement of the people in this public policy.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2009 - 4:24:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00435144, version 1


Paul Iogna-Prat. Le patrimoine culturel entre le national et le local : chances et limites de la décentralisation. Droit. Université d'Angers, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00435144⟩



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