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L'inconscient motivationnel et sa place dans la théorie de l'autodétermination.

Abstract : The aim of the present dissertation is to improve knowledge on the unconscious processes in motivation. First, a review of the literature underlined two lines of research on this topic. Specifically, research on the automaticity of motivations is distinguished from research pertaining to impulsive reactions elicited by basic needs regulation. The main purpose of the present dissertation is to examine how these different types of unconscious motivations can be integrated to the postulates of a major theory of motivation : the Self-Determination Theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 1985). The first research program, includes three experimental studies, investigating automaticity of the motivational orientations presumed by SDT (i.e., autonomous vs. controlled). Together, the results of these studies demonstrate that 1) both major motivational orientations can be subliminal primed, 2) the unconscious priming of these motivational orientations occurs in real-life contexts with undeniable ecological implications, and 3) the observed effects are moderated by individual differences in mindfulness. A second research program including four experimental studies investigated whether deprivation of a basic need (i.e., the need for autonomy) can lead to impulsive reactions. Results from these studies demonstrated that autonomy deprivation generates an autonomy restoration process that is driven by unconscious and non controlled cognitive processes, which can affect actual behavior under specific conditions. Taken together, these findings foreshadow a dual-route model of motivation, which can integrate theoretical postulates of SDT.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00433217
Contributor : Rémi Radel <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2009 - 2:31:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:56:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 8:52:00 PM

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Rémi Radel. L'inconscient motivationnel et sa place dans la théorie de l'autodétermination.. Psychologie. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00433217⟩

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